Hope you all had a fabulous holiday weekend! This week we’re rolling right into part two of Pellon 101. If you missed the first in the series, have no fear! Head here, catch up and follow along. We’ll be at this throughout June and yes, we’re still excited. So much Pellon® to gush about!
Let’s tackle some interfacings basics!
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Pellon 101 — Part 2
All About Interfacing
Choosing just the right interfacing is key to a project’s appearance and performance. The process is part science, part tradition, part personal preference – and admittedly bewildering to many home sewers, crafters and quilters.
Fusible or Sew-In?
Interfacings are generally classified as fusible or sew-in. The choice between a fusible and a sew-in interfacing depends on the fabric, the degree of firmness desired, and personal preference. Fusibles are great time savers as they have an adhesive on one side that can be activated by your iron. They’re easy to work with and compatible with most fabrics. They will make a fabric slightly crisper than a sew-in interfacing of comparable weight.
The majority of Pellon® interfacings and craft materials are nonwoven. Nonwovens are made directly from fibers that are bonded together using several different methods to form a “fabric”. Nonwovens can be formed in a variety of ways such as spunbonded, thermal or chemically (binder) bonded or needle punched. Each of these applications can give a nonwoven a particular “hand” which determines whether it is firm or soft, stretchy or stable (or a combination of more than one characteristic).
note: Other Pellon® interfacings can be woven, knitted, or weft inserted.
Nonwovens can be stable (little give in any direction – generally used in craft and home décor applications); have crosswise stretch (stable in one direction – used most often in apparel construction) or all-bias (which has stretch in all directions).
Nonwovens have little or no shrinkage. They can be washed or dry-cleaned and they will not ravel. Generally, Pellon® interfacings do not need to be pre-shrunk. There are only one or two exceptions. Refer to the instructions that are included with each product for information and care instructions. We do always recommend pre-washing your fabrics to pre-shrink as well as to remove any finishes that may be on the fabric that could interfere with the fusing process.
ALWAYS PRE-TEST ANY FUSIBLE. To pre-test – cut a 4″ x 4″ piece of your fabric. Cut a 2″ x 4″ piece of interfacing. Fuse only half of the square per the instructions included with the fusible. Allow fabric to cool. Evaluate the bond. The interfacing should be firmly attached to the fashion fabric. If not, more heat, time or pressure may be needed. A different product or a sew-in style can also be considered. Evaluate the surface of the fabric. It should be smooth/unchanged. If not, the interfacing may be too heavy for the fabric or the iron was too hot during fusing. If the fabric seems to crisp or heavy, change to a lighter weight or a sew-in. If the fabric seems too limp, consider a crisper interfacing or add a second layer of interfacing.
Note: Home iron temperatures vary. Test fusing will help you determine the best setting for your iron and fabric. In turn Hand Held Steamers will NOT bond interfacing to the fabric.
Packaging and Availability
While most Pellon® interfacing products are sold by the yard, we have recently introduced a new line of packaged products expanding our line.
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Next up? We’ll delve deeper into the segmentations with all sorts of info on what’s available from the Pellon® product line!